COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are not operating systems and will not turn the human body into a virus factory

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CLAIM

The mRNA vaccine is “an operating system that takes over the machinery of your cells”; “… by the time you get your fourth injection, your body will be making the four proteins that make up the COVID-19 virus.”

DETAILS

Factually inaccurate: First, COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are substances that protect vaccinated individuals from disease and are not operating systems. Current COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are given in two doses, not four, and both doses carry the same mRNA that encodes the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID- 19.

KEY TO TAKE AWAY

COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are substances that stimulate the immune system of vaccinated individuals to recognize and respond to infections with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are not computer operating systems. MRNA vaccines are unable to stimulate production of the virus that causes COVID-19 because they only carry information to produce the spike protein, which is present on the surface of SARS-CoV-2.

FULL CLAIM: The mRNA vaccine is “an operating system that takes over the machinery of your cells, […] for your body to start making the same viral proteins that made you sick. ; “The vaccine they are giving out now causes the body to make protein S, the spike protein, which is why people test positive for HIV.” ; “You will literally become a viral manufacturing plant” after vaccination; “Why did the CDC [sic] an emergency program for preparing for the upcoming zombies? […] Where are you going to get all these zombies from? This is called the mRNA vaccine.

REVIEW

On March 30, 2021, rapper Damon Jones, who goes by the handle @youngkhanthadon on Instagram, posted a video on Instagram, which was later shared on a Facebook page titled Vintage King on March 31, 2021, receiving over 63,000 views. nowadays. In the video, Abdul Alim Muhammad, a member of the Nation of Islam, who has been designated as an extremist group by the Southern Poverty Law Center, asserted that COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are not real vaccines, but operating systems that, over the course of four doses, turn the human body into a virus manufacturing plant. He also claimed that mRNA vaccines turn people into zombies.

However, for the reasons explained below, Alim’s claims regarding COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are factually inaccurate and misinterpret the pages of Moderna and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) websites. United.

Claim 1 (Inaccurate):

The mRNA vaccine is “not even a vaccine”, it is “an operating system that takes care of the machinery of your cells”

On a page explaining its mRNA technology platform, pharmaceutical company Moderna compared it to an operating system on a computer because it can work with different “programs,” where each program represents a unique mRNA sequence. which encodes a desired protein. Moderna and Pfizer are the two companies that produce COVID-19 mRNA vaccines approved for emergency use by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

All vaccines train the immune system of vaccinated people to identify and respond to future pathogens. Traditionally, vaccines did this by presenting a dead or weakened version of a bacteria or virus to a person’s immune system. For example, the yellow fever vaccine uses a weakened version of the yellow fever virus, while the pertussis vaccine uses an inactivated (dead) form of the bacteria that causes whooping cough. In addition, some vaccines, such as protein subunit vaccines, work by presenting only part of the pathogen to a person, usually a component from outside the pathogen that generates an immune response.

Like protein subunit vaccines, mRNA vaccines work by presenting part of the pathogen to people, so that when they come in contact with the actual pathogen, their immune systems can respond quickly. However, mRNA vaccines have some unique characteristics that constitute a new vaccine approach. In these vaccines, mRNA acts as a recipe to produce a specific protein from the pathogen. When the vaccine enters human cells, the cells make copies of the protein, stimulating an immune response against the pathogen’s protein.

In the case of COVID-19, mRNA vaccines carry the code for the spike protein found on the surface of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. When individuals receive mRNA vaccines against COVID-19, their immune system detects this protein, identifies it as an intruder, and learns to respond quickly to the actual pathogen in the future.

Therefore, the claim that mRNA vaccines are “not even real vaccines” is incorrect.

Moreover, the claim that they are an “operating system” is also incorrect, as this is a misinterpretation of the Moderna page which used computer operating systems as an analogy to explain how their mRNA vaccine platform.

Statement 2 (incorrect):

“The vaccine they are giving out now causes the body to make protein S, the spike protein, which is why people test positive for HIV.” ; “… By the time you get your fourth injection, your body will be producing the four proteins that make up the COVID-19 virus. “

Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 mRNA vaccines encode the spike protein found on the surface of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Both vaccines require two doses to achieve full efficacy against the disease. In an article for The conversationUniversity of Virginia physician-scientist William Petri explained that “the first dose triggers the immune system and introduces the body to the germ of interest. This allows the immune system to prepare for its defense. The second dose comes three to four weeks later and is a booster that “gives the immune system an opportunity to increase the quality and quantity of the antibodies used to fight the virus,” Petri wrote.

Both doses of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines encode the same spike protein. Spike proteins are a common feature of coronaviruses that help them attach and enter cells. Spike proteins are a typical feature of coronaviruses and that’s what gives this group of viruses their name: When viewed under an electron microscope, the spikes look like a crown or a crown.

Speaking of the spike protein, Alim claimed that the individuals who produced the spike protein are also positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It’s unclear what evidence this claim is based on, but it may have its roots in an Australian COVID-19 vaccine candidate that has prompted some clinical trial participants to give false positives in HIV tests. This vaccine used molecular clamp technology, where the clamp “holds” the protein of interest, in this case the spike protein, in a conformation that generates the greatest immune response.

For the Australian vaccine candidate, part of the clip was generated using segments of an HIV protein called gp41 and some of the trial participants generated a partial antibody response to gp41. This led these trial participants to test positive for HIV, even though they did not have HIV infection. However, the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines approved for use by the FDA do not use molecular clamp technology and do not transport segments of HIV proteins. Therefore, the claim that they would cause recipients to test positive for HIV is factually incorrect.

Additional inaccurate claims were made in the Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 mRNA vaccine video, including that there are four doses, each encoding a different SARS-CoV-2 protein: S, M, N and P The video also alleged that after the fourth shot “your body will make the four proteins that make up the COVID-19 virus.”

The SARS-CoV-2 virus encodes 29 proteins: four structural proteins (S, M, N, and E) and 25 non-structural and accessory proteins that the virus uses to replicate and hide from the human immune system. As such, the allegation contains three factual inaccuracies. First, there is no “P” protein. Second, the available mRNA vaccines are not delivered in four doses, but in two. And, third, four proteins do not make up the COVID-19 virus, which has 29 proteins, and therefore mRNA vaccines will not induce recipients to start making SARS-CoV-2.

Claim 3 (misleading):

“Why did the CDC [sic] an emergency program for preparing for the upcoming zombies? […] Where are you going to get all these zombies from? This is called the mRNA vaccine.

There is a Zombie Preparedness page on the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. The page explains that the Zombie Readiness Guide began as an “tongue-in-cheek campaign to engage new audiences with readiness messages.” By explaining how people can prepare for a fictional zombie apocalypse, the CDC provided advice to readers on how to prepare for real emergencies, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and floods. One of the CDC’s recommendations was to prepare an emergency kit with a few essentials, including a gallon of water per person per day and non-perishable foods.

The CDC is maintaining the “Zombie Readiness” page due to the success of the campaign. To suggest that the CDC keep the zombie readiness page because they expect a future zombie apocalypse is a misinterpretation of the CDC web page. Additionally, COVID-19 mRNA vaccines will not turn people into zombies.

Conclusion

Although COVID-19 mRNA vaccines represent a new approach to making vaccines, they work like all other vaccines that train people’s immune systems to recognize and respond to future pathogens. In addition, mRNA vaccines contain a “recipe” for producing a single protein, the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, and both doses of the vaccine carry the same recipe. The claims made in the video by Alim about mRNA vaccines are factually inaccurate and misinform viewers about how these vaccines work.



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